dictionar tehnic

A A prinde - Aqueous

A prinde

Daca nu se foloseste adeziv, este necesar sa folositi o clema( instrument folosit in tamplarie sau constructii) pentru a mentine, prinde, fixa un obiect in timp ce adezivul se intareste.

ABS

Acrylonitrile, Butadiene Styrene. Thermoplastic used in industry for rigid, light and moulded products

Abrasive paper (sandpaper, carborandum paper)

Sheets covered with abrasive material, which are very supple and resistant and used either manually or on various machines in order to smooth down all types of metal, woods, plastics…

Absorbant

Capacitatea de a absorbi lichide (de exemplu, apa, solventi, etc). Materiale care au proprietati bune de absorbtie sunt lemnul si hartia. Unii adezivi necesita o suprafata absorbanta, pentru a se putea usca (de exemplu materialele acrilice)

Acetat de vinil

Vezi PVA

Acetate

 Salt or chemical ester whose formula is CH[e]3[/e]COO-

Acetate polyvinyl

Also called vinyl polyacetate or PVA.Glue called "white glue" used for porous materials. Its utilization is very popular for the binding of books

Acetic acide

C[e]2[/e]H[e]4[/e]0[e]2[/e]. Corrosive acid present in vinegar that can be used as an antiseptic or disinfectant

Acetona

Solvent utilizat pentru dizolvarea adezivului si a celulozei. Acesta este utilizat in mod normal, ca un agent de curatare, deoarece inlatura cu succes grasimea si urmele de adeziv

Acetone

CH[e]3[/e]COOCH[e]3[/e] A solvent used to make soluble organic species and for dissolving glue and cellulose based fibres.

Acetylene

C[e]2[/e]H[e]2[/e] Reacts with chloridic acid to produce vinyl chloride. Its high temperature combustion point enables the soldering of metals such as aluminium,inox,copper, and alloys.

Acid acrilic

Materia prima de baza utilizata pentru a produce adezivi acrilici.

Acoperit cu plastic

Acoperit cu un start subtire de plastic.

Acrilat

Component al lantului de acizi acrilici, folosit in productia de adezivi acrilici

Acrylate

CH[e]2[/e]=CHCOO- Ester of the vinyl family

Acrylic

Acrylate based synthetic fibre

Aderenta

Puterea/rezistenta initiala a procesului de lipire.

Adeziv cu intarire fizica

Adezivii cu intarire fizica necesita lichide (apa/solvent) pentru a se evapora sau temperatura pentru se a raci dupa incalzire, pentru a se solidifica. Cateva exemple sunt adezivii acrilici, cei de contact.

Adeziv de constructii

Folosit pentru a lipi doua elemente, inlociund reparatiile mecanice traditionale cum ar fi cuiele sau suruburile. Adezivii de constructii sunt ambalati in cartuse, tuburi sau recipiente sub presiune.

Adeziv de contact

Adeziv care este conceput pentru aplicarea pe ambele suprafete care trebuie lipite.. Acesta trebuie sa se usuce (solventul trebuie sa se evapore) inainte ca cele doua suprafete sa fie puse in contact unul cu celalalt si sa formeze o lipire rapida care nu mai poate fi repozitionata.

Adeziv epoxi

Adezivii epoxi sunt formati din 2 componente (rasina si intaritor). Acestia sunt cunoscuti si apreciati pentru caracteristici cum ar fi puterea lor exceptionala, flexibiliate si rezistenta mare. Adezivii epoxidici sunt ambalati in general in tuburi, seringi.

Adeziv monocomponent

Un tip de adeziv care nu necesita combinarea cu un alt component. Cunoscut sub numele de Adeziv cu un singur component ( opus adezivilor 2K, cum ar fi epoxi)

Adeziv pentru aplicatii multiple

Adeziv puternic ,universal. Poate lipi o gama variata de suprafete (chiar si cele non-absorbante) si face fata conditiilor dificile oferind o lipire rezistenta. Este multifunctional, flexibil si in general transparent.  Adezivii se intaresc putin mai lent decat superglue (intre 5 si 30 de minute), dar manifesta rezistenta si polivalenta.

Adeziv pentru lemn

Adeziv folosit pentru a lipi diferite tipuri de lemn si materiale pe baza de lemn.

Adezivi chimici de intarire

Adezivii chimici de intarire au nevoie de o reactie chimica pentru a se intari. Acestia pot fi activati prin contactul cu umiditatea sau printr-un al 2-lea component. Pot fi folositi pe toate materialele ( si absorbante si non-absorbante) si in general nu exista nicio contractie la uscare. FlexTec, materialele epoxidice (chituri/lichide), poliuretan, cianoacrilati si silicon sunt exemple de adezivi chimici de intarire (uscare).

Adezivi de specialitate

O gama de adezivi care se adreseaza nevoilor specifice. Pentru fiecare material in parte se gaseste un adeziv (piele, portelan, plastic, polistiren, incalataminte, cauciuc, textile). Fiecare adeziv este creat pentru a oferi cele mai bune proprietari de lipide, in functie de specificitatea materialului folosit.

Alcool metilic

Un tip de alcool care nu este baubil si este folosit pentru a curata diferite suprafete.
De exemplu, inainte de a aplica banda No More Nails, asigurati-va ca suprafata este curate, complet curata, degresata si lipsita de praf.

Alcool polivinilic

O substanta inodora, incolora, insipida care este folosita in emulsiile vopselelor, adezivilor si pentru etansarea suprafetelor absorbante. Este adesea folosit in adezivii pentru lemn.

Alkaline

Metal based on hydroxide of alkaline or ammonium. The alkaline metals include lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium and cesium

Alkalinity

Material composed of the hydroxyde of a alkaline or ammonium metal

An overflow

Excess of a substance e.g excess of glue

Anaerobic

series of chemical reactions of an organism in an environment devoid of oxygen

Anhydrous

Referring to an element containing no water

Anionic surfactant

Also called anionic tensio-active. Compound with a high foam and detergent power which can be found in detergents and cosmetics

Apos

Substanta / material care contine apa

Aqueous

substance/ material containing water

B Beveled edge - Butanone

Beveled edge

An edge, e.g. edge of a table,frame etc., cut at an angle.

Biodegradabil

Produs fabricat care se descompune pe cale naturala si repede, devenind ingrasamant pentru crestea plantelor

Biodegradable

Used to describe a manufactured good which decomposes naturally and quickly to become growth or fertilizing element particles for plants.

Braid

A woven or braided strip made for decorative purposes

Butanone

C[e]4[/e]H[e]8[/e] Colourless liquide used as an industrial solvent

C CSTB - Cyanosis

CSTB

French public research institute aimed at improving the comfort and security in the construction sector. Cf.British private sector institute BRE group.

CTBH

code used to describe a plywood which is resistant to dampness and water. These codes refer to established standards. Ex. in U.K. WBP plywood.

CTBX

Code used to describe a type of plywood

Camaieux

A paint using one colour in several tonal variations

Capillarity action

The action of a liquid (elevation or depression) in relation to solids whether by contact or simple proximity.

Carbonat polivinilic (PVC)

Plastic flexibil folosit in izolatii si cabluri telefonice, conducte de apa si furtuni.

Casein

Protein or fibre obtained from milk and used as a binding element in paint.

Cationic

Adjective referring to the reaction of an ion or group of ions in cathode, that is to say when the electrical charge exits in an electrolyser

Cazeina

Principala proteina prezenta in lapte. Poate si gasita si in adezivul pentru lemn.

Celluloid

Earliest plastic manufactured from nitrocellulose and camphor

Cellulose

(C[e]6[/e]H[e]10[/e]0R)[e]n[/e] Carbohydrate component to be found in the walls of vegetable cells

Cellulosic

Containing cellulose or a component of the cellulose family

Certificare TUV

Certificarea ISO TUV reprezinta o recunoastere officiala a unui produs de catre TUV (Technischer Überwachungsverein). Aceasta include verificarea ca produsul satisface regulile stricte Europene si asigura faptul ca specificatiile componente sunt corecte.

Chip board

Name for a solid compact mass of distinct elements (wood for example)

Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride

Very resistant PVC  which is not subject to corrosion

Clamp

A tool used in carpentry or building which enables two elements to be placed in conatct mechanically.

Clema

Instrument folosit in tamplarie sau constructii, care este utilizat pentru a mentine strans sau a fixa obiecte si pentru a preveni deplasarea sau separarea in timp ce adezivul nu este inca intarit.

Co-extruded

Multi-layer plastic obtained from extrusion

Coated with plastic

Covered with a thin plastic layer

Collodion

Mixture of ether and alcohol

Copolymer

Chemical compound of macromolecules made up of different monomers

Crepe

A light, thin fabric with a wrinkled surface.

Cross-linkage / reticulation

Refers to the modification of a polymer through the linking of micromolecules

Cyanoacrylate

An adhesive derived from cyanoacrylic acid enabling a particularly solid bonding

Cyanosis

A product derived from cyanoacrylate

D D1 - Duza

D1

Descrie conditiile in care adezivul pentru lemn lucreaza. Zonele interioare unde temperatura depaseste ocazional +500C pentru scurt timp si umiditatea lemnului este de maxim 15%.

D2

Descrie conditiile in care adezivul pentru lemn lucreaza. Zonele interioare cu expunere ocazionala de scurt timp la apa condensata sau curgatoare sau la umiditate inalta, cu conditia ca umiditatea lemnului sa nu depaseasca 18%.

D3

Descrie conditiile in care adezivul pentru lemn lucreaza. Zonele interioare, cu timp de expunere frecventa, de scurta durata , la apa condensata sau curgatoare si la expunerea la umiditate ridicata. Zonele exterioare , ne-expuse la precipitatii ( de exemplu: sub un acoperis sau prelata)

D4

Descrie conditiile in care adezivul pentru lemn lucreaza. Zonele interioare, cu timp de expunere frecventa, de lunga durata, la apa condensata sau curgatoare. Zonele exterioare, expuse la conditile meteo schimbatoare.

Duza

Un capac ingust sau tub cu deschidere care directioneaza si regleaza fluxul de lichid, aplicabil in cazul adezivilor de constructii si cartuselor de etansanti.

E EPS - Extrusion

EPS

Also called PSE. It's a white and solid foam usually used to protect objects

Elastomer

Elastic polymer extracted from the rubber tree (Amazonian forest) and which includes rubber, latex, neoprene and silicon

Elastomer

Orice material, cum ar fi cauciucul natural sau sintetic, care este capabil sa-si reia forma sa initiala atunci cand o forta de deformare este indepartata. Latex, neopren, silicon, Flextec, PU

Embrossed

A decoration made up of projecting intercrossing lines.

Emulsion

Continious diffusion of one liquid into another which produces a heterogeneous environment

Epoxide

Cyclic ether entering into the preparation of solvent and plastics

Epoxidic

That which encloses epoxide

Epoxy

Macromolecular compound made of cyclic ethers entering into the preparation of solvent and plastics

Etanol

Un combustibil alcolic care este distilat din materiale vegetale, cum ar fi porumb sau zahar. Se foloseste pentru a indeparta excesul de adeziv inainte de a se intari.

Etansant

Material folosit pentru a etansa si ermetiza, de exemplu spatial dintre un perete si cada. De asemenea echilibreaza deplasarea materialelor si ofera o buna izolare. Etansantii sunt mult mai elastici decat adezivii de constructii.

Ethylene

C[e]2[/e]H[e]4[/e] Hydrocarbon also called R1150. Part of the creation of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and in various plastic materials

Expanded polyethylene

Polyethylene where the volume has been augmented

Expanded vinyl in relief

Type of expanded vinyl wall paper

Extrusion

Referring to the action of pushing plastic through a spinneret in order to fluidify it

F Fibra lemnoasa de densitate medie - Fungicide, antifungus agent

Fibra lemnoasa de densitate medie

Compozit din fibra de lemn de densitate medie care este folosta in principal in decorare si amenajare.

Filling-up

Action of filling-up a crack or a hole

Fireproof

Refers to something which is covered with a substance and which will only burn with great difficulty.

Flextec

Technology enabling the making of flexible bondings in extreme conditions while still keeping a high tack  

Flextec

Henkel a certificate tehnologia cu polimer oferind o flexibilitate inalta pentru o buna performanta de lipire/etansare, chiar si in conditii xtreme. Nu contine solventi si isociani. Formula Flextec intareste atunci cand reactioneaza cu umiditatea.

Floating installation

Putting down parquet flooring by fitting together the planks, without fixing them on the ground

Floating parquet

Wooden parquet type flooring when the planks are not fixed on the floor but only fitted together

Framing clamp, joiner

System allowing the sticking of frames

Fungicide

Product preventing fungus growth

Fungicide, antifungus agent

A term used to qualify a product which protects wood against lignivorous micro-plants and preventing their coming back

G Glycero - Grouting joints

Glycero

C[e]3[/e]H[e]8[/e]0[e]3[/e] By-product of the reaction of saponification taking place in the making of various medecines but also in the manufacture of cellophane

Grouting joints

A joint surrounding the contours of an element such as a floor tile.

H Hobby adeziv - Hotmelt

Hobby adeziv

Gama de adezivi este destinata domeniilor precum arta si proiectelor artizanale. Este compatibil cu cele mai multe materiale de artizanat, inclusiv hartie, carton, tesaturi, pasla si sticla. Adezivii sunt transparenti si nu lasa urme vizibile pe suprafetele lipite.

Hotmelt

Adeziv care trebuie sa fie incalzit / topit inainte de aplicare. Aceasta devine solid pe masura ce se raceste, poate dura pana la un minut, in functie de material. Acesta este de obicei ambalat in baghete prevazute cu un pistol electric. Pistoloul de aplicare este prevazut  cu un element de incalzire pentru a topi recipientul.. Hotmelt are un nivel ridicat de transparenta, si este ideal pentru lucrari artizanale, decoratiuni, montare si reparare.

I Instalatie plutitoare - Izocianat

Instalatie plutitoare

Asezarea parchetului prin imbinarea/montarea placilor, fara aderarea la suprafata de baza.

Izocianat

Ingredient organic folosit in fabricarea de adezivi, textile si izolare. Acesta poate fi gasit in continutul formulelor spumelor poliuretanice si este toxic daca nu este uscat .

L Lipire

Lipire

Se refera la actiunea de a pune adeziv sau a lipi un obiect. Adezivul este destinat lemnului, hartiei, etc, Lipirea este destinata tapetului, posterelor, etc.

M MCX - Mounting

MCX

Methyl Cellulose eXtra Glue for wall paper

MDF

Medium Density Fiberboard. Wood fiber composite of medium density mainly used in decorating and fitting-out

MS Polymer

Polymer Silicone Sealant

Manifold / hose

A tube made mainly of rubber used in the car industry to convey air or fuel from different parts of the engine

Manometru (indicator de presiune)


Un instrument folosit pentru a masura presiunea fluidelor sau gazelor.

Matrix / guide

A model which enables the tracing out of certain objects or for respecting reglementary dimensions of an object.

Mercaptan

Also called Thion. An organic compound comparable to alcohols which has the particularity of reacting with mercury ions. Mercaptan is characterised by its strong and unpleasant smell.

Metal-cleaning

An action which aims at removing the oxides from the surface of a metal.

Methyl cellulose

A water soluble compound to be found in water based paints, textil size and in the making of cardbooards

Montare

A fixa ( ex. raft de bucatarie, plinta)

Mortar

A mixture of sand, cement and water for building and redering purposes

Mounting

Refers to the action of pasting up wallpaper with a pressing movement from the centre to the sides.

N Neopren - Non-absorbant

Neopren

Cauciuc sintetic care poate fi gasit in componenta adezivilor de contact. Adezivul de contact cu baza de neoprene este recomandat in special pentru asamblari si placari rezistente la temperature de peste +120 °C.

Nivelare

Netezirea pardoselii pana la o anumita grosime.

Non-absorbant

Materiale, cum ar fi metale sau plastic care sunt incapabile sa absoarbe lichide (ex.
Apa, solventi). Daca ambele materiale ce trebuie lipite sunt non-absorbante, atunci intarirea chimica a adezivilor este necesara.

O Oakum

Oakum

Strands coming from hemp or linen

P PAL - Primer coat

PAL

Placi facute din particule de lemn care sunt comprimate si lipite impreuna.

PTFE

Also calledTéflon®. CF[e]2[/e]-CF[e]2[/e] polymer with high resistance to chemical products, heat. Can be found on non adhesive coatings

PU

Also called Polyurethane. Urethane polymer used in wood glue due to its water resistance

Parchet flotant

Tipul de pardoseala din lemn  atunci cand placile adera la suprafata de baza doar cand sunt montate impreuna

Pasting

Referring to the action of putting glue  or paste on an object. Glue for wood, paper etc. paste for wallpaper, posters etc.

Phenol-formaldehyde

Polymer used in making glues and adhesives

Phenolic nitrile

Physical contact glue. Adhesion takes place with the evaporation of solvent

Phenolic resin

Resin resisting to the temperature variations mainly used in the building sector and in the transport industry

Photocurable

Chains of polymers which join together when in contact with light and which form a network

Piece of wood

A supporting length of wood used in construction work. Sometimes called a bracket.

Placi de gips-carton

De asemenea, cunoscut sub numele de gips-carton sau placi din ipsos.

Placi laminate

Se refera la un material compus din mai multe straturi identice lipite intre ele cu adeziv

Plastisol

Paste coming from the scattering of polymer powder in a plasticizer

Plinta

Partea de jos a unui perete sau a unui stalp la imbinarea cu pardoseala. Adesea atasata la baza peretelui.

Poliester

Material sintetic, pe vaza de polimer care este usor si rezistent la conditii de
Temperature dificile si la coroziune. Poliesterul este folosit pentru a produce fibre, textile, plastic si adezivi.

Polietilena (PE)

Plastic cu o usoara densitate la care doar putini adezivi adera. Poate fi tipit si remodelat pentru a redeveni in stare solida. Este mai moale decat poliprolilena (PP).

Polimer

Macromolecula compusa dintr-un model de unitati care se repeat (monomeri).
Adezivii pe baza de polimer sunt apreciati pentru flexibiliate, rezistenta si contractie redusa.

Polimetilan

Un material termo-plastic transparent ( polimer cu proprietati de a deveni lichid sau de a-si pierde forma cand este expus la caldura).

Polipropilena (PP)

Plastic cu o usoara densitate la care doar putini adezivi adera, datorita suprafetei nepolare. Poate fi gasit in ambalajele de macare, aparatura pentru casa, industria masinilor, etc

Polistiren

Un tip de plastic usor, rezistent la umiditate, cu excelente proprietati de izolare. Este compus din 90% aer, motiv pentru care este foarte dynamic.

Poliuretan (PU)

Formula pe baza de polimer ce contine isocianati.

Polyacrylic

Acrylic bind  which polymerises while drying, taking on the aspect of thick paste in strong glues

Polyamide

Polymers used in the making of plastic material in the textil industry

Polyane

A soft, resistant and inflammable plastic.

Polyane

Un plastic usor, rezistent si inflamabil (ex. Pungi de gunoi)

Polyane film

Plastic waterproof film used in the making of barriers against water and vapor 

Polybenzimidazole

Known under the abbreviation PBI. A very resistant Synthetic fibre  more
particularly used in the making of ropes and joints which are very resistant to high temperature

Polychloroprene

Very frequently called neoprene. Synthetic elastomer

Polyester

Polymers which patterns are related by ester functions

Polyethane dimethacrylate

Bi composant glue

Polyethylene

Plastic material

Polymer

Macromolecule composed of a repeated pattern. Among these polymers, we can count rubber, cellulose, polyamide and polyethylene

Polymerization

Jointing of several identical molecules (pattern) to form a polymer macromolecule

Polymerize

Referring to the action of joining several identical molecules to form a polymer

Polymethyl

Polymethyl. Transparent thermoplastic

Polyol

C[e]n[/e]H[e]2n[/e]+2O[e]n[/e] Also called glycol or polyalcohol,  is used in making foam

Polypropylene

Also called PP (CH[e]2[/e]-CH-CH[e]3[/e])[e]n[/e]. Polymer with a propylene pattern used in the car industry, for plastic pieces such as a bumpers, but also in  food packaging and in types of paper.

Polyquinoxaline

Polymer used  in various adhesive products but also in varnishes and non-driving films

Polystyrène

Also called PS. Coming from the polymerisation of styren. It Is most commonly used under its expanded form as a white protective foam. Also present in the making of rigid plastic and food packaging

Polythene

(CH[e]2[/e]=CH[e]2[/e])[e]n[/e] Plastic at the root of inert plastic also called under the abbrevation PE, usually used in plastic bags

Polyurethane

Also called PU. Urethane polymer used in wood glue due to its water resistance

Polyvinyl

Also called polyvinyl polymer. One of the main components of white glue

Polyvinyl acetate

CH[e]2[/e]-CH-O-COH[e]3[/e] thermoplastic polymer used in the elaboration of adhesives, films, varnishes and paints.

Polyvinyl chloride

Also called Polychloride vinyl. CH2=CHCl Polymer usually used in the sticking and soldering but also in the creation of various types of plastic such as the one used for pipes

Polyvinyl chloride

CH[e]2[/e]=CHCl Combination of chloride and polyvinyl which is part of the conception of an ester or ether

Prepolymer

Mixture of monomer and polymer aiming at  polymerization

Pressure gauge

An instrument for measuring the pressure of a fluid.

Primer coat

Coating which increases the adhesion of a floor, or of  paint.

R Rezistent la apa - Rezistenta initiala

Rezistent la apa

Ofera o protectie impotriva umezelii si apei.

Rezistent la foc

Se refera la materialul care este acoperit cu o substanta ce previne arderea.

Rezistenta finala

Nivelul maxim de rezistenta care poate fi atins de adeziv dupa o perioada de timp definite ( de obicei dupa 24 de ore). Vezi Timp de intarire.

Rezistenta initiala

Nivelul de rezistenta atins imediat dupa aplicare (adesea numita aderenta sau aderenta initiala)

S SBR (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber) - Surfactant

SBR (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber)

A synthetic rubber, also called Styrene butadiene rubber, present in tyres, chewing gum and in cars.

Saltpeter

A residue of bacterial development in the form of white fibres on walls or floors of buildings

Scouring agent

A product which effectively removes the oxides from the surface of a metal

Screeding

Referring to the action of causing all the bumps, and depressions on the ground

Self-amalgamating

 That which combines or unites hetergenous elements automatically

Shoring up

Describes the manner by which part of a construction is held up by wooden or metal joists.

Silicon

O molecula polimerica compusa din silicon, oxygen si materiale organice. Siliconul are o formula rezistenta la apa, rezistenta la temperatura si elastica. Silicoanele sunt un exemplu de uscare chimica, uscarea producandu-se in contact cu aerul

Silicone

Also called polysiloxane. Polymer allowing, in different forms, the manufacturing of plenty of products. It can take a liquid form, sopple, solid and can be found in glues, sealants and other adhesives

Sisal

A fiber textile derived from a mexican plant (agave) used to make cord and certain textiles.

Skirting board

The lower part of a wall or pillar in contact with the ground. Often added to the base of a wall.

Solubil in apa

Care poate fi dizolvat in apa sau in mediu apos (ex. zahar)

Solvent

That which contains a solvent

Solvent

A substance possessing the quality of being able to dissolve other substances without altering or degrading their chemical properties

Solvent

O substanta lichida organica ce  poseda calitatea de a dizolva alte substante fara a altera sau degrada proprietatile sale chimice. Unii solventi pot fi daunatori ( ex. acetona, etanol)

Spuma poliuretanica rigida

Material care poate fi gasita in interiorul metalelor si peretilor din plastic ale
Frigiderelor si congelatoarelor, sau in spatele hartiilor, metalelor si altor suprafete , in cazul panourilor termoisolante in sectorul constructiilor.

Starchy

containing starch

Strat de amorsa

Acoperire care creste aderenta adezivului sau a vopselei.

Substrat

Un element supus schimbarilor care este verificat dupa o reactie chimic.

Substrate

An element undergoing changes  which are examined after a chemical reaction.

Sulfonate

SO[e]2[/e]OH Can be found in certain salts and esters

Supeglue

Solutii intante de lipire, numite si cianoacrilati. Sunt cunoscuti pentru rezistenta finala mare in doar cateva seconde. Sunt de obicei ambalati in tuburi mici.

Surfactant

A two part molecule one of which reacts to water and the other to oily substances. These molecules are particularly present in detergents.

T Tack - Trimmings

Tack

Properties of immediate support of a glue or a sealant. The glued object is instantly maintained on a surface (even vertical) but it hasn't got all the adhesive properties of glue. It is important to wait until it is dry, according to the guidelines, before subjecting the object to any pressure.

Tackifier

Gives instant adhesion. This adhesion is nevertheless not definitive and a defined drying period is neccessary before subjecting the glued object to any pressure. This drying time lapse is indicated on the product.

Tacky dry

Application and drying time before sticking of a layer of adhesive on a surface

Teflon

Also called polyetrafluorethylene or PTFE. Polymer with a high resistance  to chemical products and heat, can also be found in non adhesive coatings.

Teflon

Material din plastic care are rezistenta mare importiva chimicalelor, coroziunii si oxidarii.  Poate rezista la temperature mai mari de 250 °C.  Este folosit in procesul de producete a echipamentelor, conductelor si ustensilelor de bucatarie.

Termofuzabil

Folosit pentru a descrie o substanta care adera prin topire si necesita incalzire.

Termoplastic

Un tip de plastic care poate fi topit si remodelat, astfel incat sa revina in forma solida.

Tetrahydrofuran

Also called tetrahydrofurane. Ether is usually used as a solvent

Thermo hygrometry

Measure of the humidity of a place according to the heat and the pourcentage of humidity present

Thermofusible

Used to describe a substance which gives rise to adhesion when heated.

Thermoplastic

Polymer having the particularity of becoming liquid, soft due to heat and also to become malleable

Timp de uscare/intarire

Durata de timp necesara unui adeziv pentru a ajunge la puterea/rezistenta sa finala. In cazul in care un adeziv nu are suficient timp pentru a se intari, adeziunea poate esua.

To catalyze

To modify the speed of a chemical reaction without modifiying the end product of the reaction

To extrude

Referring to the action of pushing plastic through a spinneret in order to fluidify it

To exude

The action of releasing a liquid that seeps in contact with walls

To groove

Describes a surface marked with cavities or grooves.

To gum / to stick

To apply and drying time before sticking a layer of adhesive on the surface

To level off

To put at the same surface level a wall or raised surface.

To mount

Stick by exerting a pressure from the centre to the sides

To paste

Referring to the action of putting paste on an object such as wallpaper

Trichloroethylene

C[e]2[/e]HCl[e]3[/e] Also called ethylene trichloride or trichlo. This is a chemical compound usually used as a solvent and which has the particularity of not being very inflammable

Trimmings

Activity concerned with decorative details

U Uacarea/Intarirea (pentru adezivii chimici de intarire) - Uscare (pentru adezivii cu uscare fizica)

Uacarea/Intarirea (pentru adezivii chimici de intarire)

Procesul prin care un adeziv sufera o reactie moleculara si devine solid. Intarirea poate necessita o anumita umiditate sau o a doua componenta (de exemplu tehnologia epoxi)

Umplerea golurilor

Propietatea a unor adezivi care presupune completarea golurilor sau a crapaturilor intre doua suprafete de imbinare.

Uscare (pentru adezivii cu uscare fizica)

Procesul in care un adeziv se solidifica in timpul evaporarii apei sau a solventului.

V Vinil

Vinil

PVC usor

W WRAS - Width, strip

WRAS

Water regulations advisory scheme concerned with the quality of water.

Water soluble starch

stock of intracellular carbohydrate soluble in water or in a aqueous environment

Water-soluble

That which is soluble in water or in a watery environment

Waterproofing

That which offers a protection against dampness and water.

Width, strip

Refers to the width or length of a piece of wallpaper cut from a roll.By extension used also for a piece of cloth cut from a roll.